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The hugely diverse terrain and various elevations in Kenya means the climate can’t be generalised country-wide; there are several distinct zones, each with varying climates.

The coastal lowlands tend to be hot and humid throughout the year, with relief coming in the form of breezes from the Indian ocean. It generally rains a little more in the south than in the north, with the wettest months being April and May. Average temperatures vary little year round and range from 22°C minimum to 33°C maximum

The northern districts, particularly closer to the Somalian and Ethiopian borders, generally experience very little rain. Most of the year is hot and sunny. Temperatures here vary widely from a maximum of 40°C in the day to 20°C at night.

Kenya climate chart

The highlands, straddled over the Great Rift Valley, spread across the centre and west of Kenya. Rainfall here is moderate, with a little more rain in the slightly higher regions. This region has the most distinct “seasons”, with June to September being “winter” and December to March being “summer.” Though in reality, winter in this region is little more that a bit of cloud and occasional drizzle! Average temperatures vary from a minimum of 10 to 14°C to a maximum of 22 to 26°C.

The very highest mountain regions, for example towards the peaks of Mount Kenya, are a lot cooler, with temperatures sometimes low enough for frosts to form overnight. The highest peak of Mount Kenya – Batian – has a permanent cap of snow.

In summary, if you’re planning to visit a lot of places during your tour around Kenya, don’t forget to put sun cream in one pocket, and a poncho in the other!