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Tanzania Fact File

Tanzania Quick Reference Fact File

What’s the capital city?

Although the largest and most commercial city in Tanzania is Dar es Salaam, the capital has actually been Dodoma since 1996.

What’s the currency?

Tanzanian Shilling. For further details, visit our money and currency section, and for up to date exchange rates go to www.xe.com.

How big is the population?

The population of Tanzania is an estimated 38 million.

What’s the major religion?

The people of Tanzania mainland are said to be a mixture of Muslims and Christians. However, the population of Zanzibar is said to be 99% muslim.

Who’s in charge?

The current president of Tanzania is Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete who has been in power since 2005.

What’s the national dish?

One of the many common meals found in Tanzania is Ugali. It is a corn flour based dish that is usually accompanied by stew, to which it is dipped in.

Which languages are spoken?

The main language in Tanzania is Ki Swahili, however you will also find many people speaking English as a second language.

Highest and lowest points?

The highest point in Tanzania is the top of Mount Kilimanjaro which reaches 5,895 metres. The lowest point is the Indian Ocean sea level.

How’s the terrain?

The terrain in Tanzania can vary depending on where you visit. There are many areas of open plains in the North of the country, as well as semi-desert terrain in the North-East. There is also dense forestry throughout the South.

And the climate?

The climate in Tanzania is generally tropical, with temperatures fluctuating between 10-20 °C. There are also two rainy seasons in the country, one which falls between December and April and the other which falls in March until May in the North and Northern Coast or in October until December in South, South-West, Central and Western parts of the country.

For information on Tanzania’s climate, visit our Tanzania climate section.